“We should also mention Swinburne, Baudelaire, Apollinaire, Breton and Eluard, but the patient and tenacious research of Maurice Heine (who died in May 1940) deserves special attention. This beguiling, strange and brilliant individual devoted his life to Sade’s memory. This is why we should here recall certain aspects of his personality.
When Heine, a bibliophile and a scrupulous scholar (so scrupulous that he hardly published anything) rose to speak at the Congress of Tours (where the Communists split off from the French Socialist Party after the First World War) he fired off his revolver and wounded his wife on the arm. Yet Heine was one of the gentlest, most courteous men I have ever met. This indefatigable defender of Sade was as intractable as his idol and carried his pacifism to its logical conclusions. After taking Lenin’s side in 1919 he left the Communist party in 1921 on account of Trotsky’s repression of the anarchist sailors’ mutiny in Kronstadt. He squandered his fortune on his research on Sade and died in poverty, eating little in order to feed a vast quantity of cats. He carried his aversion to the death penalty (which he shared with Sade) as far as to condemn bull-fighting. Otherwise he was one of the men who, discreetly but authentically did the greatest credit to his time. I am proud to have been a friend of his.””
~ George Bataille, Literature and Evil, (Calder & Boyars 1973) p.104